Many times irons get left in the dust when there are other shiny new clubs to be bought. This week we will be giving irons the credit that they deserve, as they are an essential part of a golfers game. Golfers usually carry about 8-9 irons in their bag, the right set is very important to buy since they play a considerable part in your bag. What do irons do? They are the clubs that allow you to control and shape your shots. What makes irons different from each other and their price tags is the manufacturing process, the materials used on the shaft, and the design.
There are two different processes to manufacture the shape of the iron head, forged and cast. Forging: The process of forging a club starts with a piece of metal that is conformed to a rough shape and then hammered until the desired design is complete. The materials they use are either carbon steel or chrome for the club head, they finish this off by milling, grinding, and drilling. The characteristics of a forged iron is that the center of gravity is in the center of the club head, most forged irons have the weight higher in the face, allowing the advanced player to have better control of the trajectory.
Casting: Casting a club head involves using a mold of an iron-head design and pouring liquid metal into it. This process allows manufactures to make a more complex head design. Like it sounds this process is easier and cheaper than forging the metal. Casting an iron has what is known as cavity back construction or perimeter weighting. They also tend to have a larger sweet spot because it puts more weight on the edges of the clubface.
Like many clubs irons come in two different materials graphite and steel. The steel shafts a more durable and a stronger material; they are also the cheaper option. Graphite will transmit fewer vibrations up the shaft as opposed to the steel. Less vibration means less feedback, which for more experienced golfers is a good thing. Graphite is the lighter option, which generally translates into additional swing speed for most golfers.
The different designs for irons is based on three models, blade, cavity back and hybrid. A small surface area to hit from characterizes blade irons. The blade has an even weight distribution throughout the club. Another defining characteristic of the blade iron is that it generally has a smaller sweet spot. The cavity irons differ by their perimeter weighted head. This makes the off-center shots more forgiving, flying longer and straighter. Also because of it’s weighting system the clubhead produces a larger sweet spot. These are designed for a higher handicap golfer who is able to benefit from the larger sweet spot.